Each crime requires proof of different elements and has different defenses available. And, for each element of the charged offense, Arizona’s shoplifting laws are codified in ARS §13-1805. The statute lists the elements the prosecutor has to prove to convict someone of shoplifting. In all shoplifting cases, the government must prove that you went to a place that offered goods for sale, and you knowingly obtained those goods with the intent to deprive the person of those goods by:
- Removing the goods without paying;
- Charging the price of the goods to a fake person or a real person without permission;
- Paying less than the purchase price by changing, removing or substituting the price tag;
- Transferring the goods from one container to another; or
- Concealing the goods
Arizona law presumes that a person who knowingly conceals purchased merchandise within the store or uses an artifice; container, instrument or another article to facilitate the shoplifting, has the necessary culpable mental state to commit the crime.